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Federal Health Policy Update for Monday, December 27

The following is the latest health policy news from the federal government as of 2:30 p.m. on Monday, December 27.  Some of the language used below is taken directly from government documents.

Surprise Medical Billing Law Implementation Update

  • CMS has published an FAQ about the implementation of regulations governing the No Surprises Act, the surprise medical billing law enacted late last year.  The FAQ specifically addresses providers’ roles and responsibilities in developing the good-faith price estimates established by the law.  Find the FAQ here.

The White House

Provider Relief Fund

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Health Policy Update

  • CMS has published a new edition of MLN Connects, its online newsletter that presents information about Medicare reimbursement matters.  The latest edition includes articles about updated billing instruction changes that take effect on January 1 for the hospital outpatient prospective payment system, coding changes for pneumonia vaccines, an increase in the FQHC base rate, and an update on COVID-19 vaccine access in long-term-care facilities.  Find these items and more in the latest edition of MLN Connects.
  • CMS has published its Medicare Durable Medical Equipment, Prosthetics, Orthotics and Supplies (DMEPOS) final rule.  This rule establishes methodologies for adjusting the DMEPOS fee schedule using information from the Medicare DMEPOS competitive bidding program for items furnished on or after the effective date specified in this final rule or the date immediately following the duration of the emergency period described in the Social Security Act, whichever is later.  Learn more from this CMS fact sheet and the final rule itself, which takes effect in 60 days.

COVID-19

Department of Health and Human Services

COVID-19

  • HHS’s Office for Civil Rights has issued guidance tied to legal standards and best practices for improving access to COVID-19 vaccine programs and ensuring non-discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin.  The new guidance seeks to ensure that entities covered by civil rights laws understand their obligations under provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Affordable Care Act that require federally assisted health care providers and systems to ensure fair, equitable access to vaccines and boosters.  Learn more from this HHS news release and from the guidance itself.

Health Policy Update

  • HHS has announced the availability of $48 million in American Rescue Plan funding for community-based organizations to expand public health capacity in rural and tribal communities through health care job development, training, and placement.  Successful applicants will be able to use this funding to address workforce needs related to the long-term effects of COVID-19, health information technology needs, and other workforce issues.  Learn more from this HHS news release and from HHS’s official grant opportunity listing.  The deadline for applications is March 18.
  • The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project of HHS’s Agency for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has posted the new Statistical Brief “Overview of Major Ambulatory Surgeries Performed in Hospital-Owned Facilities, 2019.”
  • HHS has released the annual update of its “National Plan to Address Alzheimer’s Disease.”  Find an announcement about the report and a summary here and find the report itself here.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Food and Drug Administration

  • The FDA has issued emergency use authorization (EUA) for the first oral treatment for COVID-19:  the Pfizer drug Paxlovid, which is for adults and pediatric patients at least 12 years of age and 88 pounds who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death.  The drug should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of COVID-19 and within five days of symptom onset.  Learn more from the following resources:
  • Shortly thereafter the FDA issued an EUA for another treatment for COVID-19:  Merck’s molnupiravir, which is a treatment for mild-to-moderate COVID-19 in adults with COVID-19 who are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death, and for whom alternative COVID-19 treatment options are not accessible or clinically appropriate.  Molnupiravir should be initiated as soon as possible after diagnosis of COVID-19 and within five days of symptom onset and is not authorized for use in patients younger than 18 years of age, for pre-exposure or post-exposure prevention of COVID-19, or for initiation of treatment in patients hospitalized due to COVID-19.  Learn more from the following resources:
  • The FDA updated its “SARS-CoV-2 Viral Mutations:  Impact on COVID-19 Tests” web page with new information on the COVID-19 omicron variant and the impact of that variant on antigen diagnostic tests.  The update also revises the FDA’s recommendations for clinical laboratory staff and health care providers and shares information about the impact of the omicron variant on molecular diagnostic tests.  Find the updated information here.
  • The FDA and HHS’s Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) have released a joint statement on COVID-19 variants, including omicron, and how the variants may be associated with resistance to monoclonal antibodies.  The statement explains that

Circulating SARS-CoV-2 viral variants, including Omicron, may be associated with resistance to monoclonal antibodies.  Health care providers should review the Antiviral Resistance information in the Healthcare Provider Fact Sheet for each authorized therapeutic for details regarding specific variants and resistance.

The statement also explains that

FDA updated the Health Care Provider Fact Sheets for bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together, REGEN-COV, and sotrovimab with specific information regarding expected activity against the Omicron variant (B.1.1.529/BA.1).  These data show that it is unlikely that bamlanivimab and etesevimab administered together or REGEN-COV will retain activity against this variant.  Based on similar cell culture data currently available, sotrovimab appears to retain activity against the Omicron variant.  Based on this information, ASPR will pause any further allocations of bamlanivimab and etesevimab together, etesevimab alone, and REGEN-COV pending updated data from the CDC.  Shipments of sotrovimab did resume this week, and delivery of 55,000 doses of product has begun.  An additional 300,000 doses of sotrovimab will be available for distribution in January.

Find the complete statement here.

  • The FDA has announced its first approval of a long-acting HIV prevention medication for use by adults and adolescents weighing at least 77 pounds who are at risk of sexually acquiring HIV.  Until now, the only FDA-licensed medications for HIV were daily oral pills.  Learn more from this NIH news release.

MACPAC (Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission)

MACPAC has published an issue brief that reviews the sources and uses of Medicaid section 1115 demonstration budget neutrality savings based on the agency’s review of spending reported in FY 2019 and discusses current policy issues related to section 1115 demonstration budget neutrality.  Learn more from the MACPAC issue brief “Section 1115 Demonstration Budget Neutrality.”

Federal Health Policy Update for Friday, July 30

The following is the latest health policy news from the federal government as of 2:45 p.m. on Friday, July 30.  Some of the language used below is taken directly from government documents.

Final Medicare Payment Regulations for FY 2022

CMS has published four final rules for Medicare payments in FY 2022:

(See also CMS’s fact sheet)

(See also CMS’s fact sheet)

(See also CMS’s fact sheet)

(See also CMS’s fact sheet)

The White House

  • The White House has announced new actions to get more people vaccinated and slow the spread of the COVID-19 delta variant.  Among those actions:  requiring federal employees and on-site contractors to attest that they are vaccinated or wear masks and undergo regular testing; providing reimbursement for small- and medium-sized businesses for paid leave needed for workers to get themselves and their families vaccinated; urging state and local governments to offer financial incentives for people to get vaccinated; and initiating a number of steps designed to increase the vaccination rate among students 12 years of age and older.  Find the White House news release outlining these and other steps here.

Provider Relief Fund

  • HHS has updated the “Reporting Requirements and Auditing” section of its Provider Relief Fund web page, adding slides and video from its July 14 and July 20 webinars about recent changes in those reporting and auditing requirements.  Find the updated web page here.

Department of Health and Human Services

COVID-19

  • HHS’s Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response has updated its “Action Report Resources and Examples” document with sample considerations that health care entities can use when documenting their ongoing After Action Report (AAR) process for COVID-19.  It also provides sample COVID-19 AARs that are currently available to the public.
  • HHS’s Office of the Inspector General has found that states’ backlogs of nursing home inspections have grown substantially during the COVID-19 pandemic.  Nationally, 71 percent of nursing homes had gone at least 16 months without a standard survey as of May 31, 2021.  See the OIG’s report on this situation.

Health Policy News

  • HHS’s Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) has announced that it will make available $76 million in Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education grants, to be awarded competitively, in three categories:
    • Teaching Health Center Graduate Medical Education New and Expanded Residency Program – up to 85 recipients will receive a total of approximately $46 million to support community-based medical and dental residency programs in rural and underserved communities.  Funding will go toward supporting new resident positions at new and existing teaching health centers.  Applications are due September 21, 2021.
    • Teaching Health Center Planning and Development Program – up to 50 grantees will receive a total of approximately $25 million over two years to create new community-based residency programs to increase the primary care workforce, including in rural and underserved communities.  Applications are due August 30, 2021.
    • Teaching Health Center Planning and Development Technical Assistance – one cooperative agreement recipient will receive approximately $5 million over three years to provide technical assistance to HRSA’s Teaching Health Center Planning and Development Program grant recipients.  Applications are due August 30, 2021.

Go here for further information about the HRSA announcement and for links to the individual grant programs.

  • HHS’s Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has awarded 100 grants worth $250 million to improve access to Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinics that provide community-based support for people in need of substance use disorder and mental health treatment services.  Learn more about the grants and the services they seek to support in this HHS news release.

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Health Policy News

  • CMS has published the latest edition of MLN Connects, its online weekly bulletin.  This week’s edition includes articles about hospital price transparency requirements, ambulance service billing requirements, and other subjects.  For this and more, go here.
  • CMS has launched a new Infant Well-Child Visit Learning Collaborative, which is part of its Maternal and Infant Health Initiative, to support state efforts to increase the number of infants receiving high-quality well-child care.  This learning collaborative will offer technical assistance to state Medicaid and CHIP agencies and their partners.  Go here to learn more about CMS’s  Infant Well-Child Visit Learning Collaborative and its Maternal and Infant Health Initiative.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

COVID-19

Food and Drug Administration

Health Policy News

  • The FDA has approved the first interchangeable biosimilar insulin product to improve glycemic control in adults and pediatric patients with Type 1 diabetes and in adults with Type 2 diabetes.  Learn more from the FDA announcement.

U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency

  • The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency has introduced a “COVID-19 Disinformation Toolkit” designed to help state, local, tribal and territorial officials bring awareness about misinformation, disinformation, and conspiracy theories appearing online related to COVID-19’s origin, scale, government response, prevention, and treatment.

Congressional Research Service

Stakeholder Events

Wednesday, August 4 – CMS

Hospice Quality Reporting Program Forum

Wednesday, August 4 at 2:00 p.m. (eastern)

CMS will host a webinar to share updates on the on the fiscal year 2022 hospice wage index and payment rate update and hospice quality reporting requirements final rule.  During this webinar, CMS staff will provide information on the FY 2022 hospice final rule summary and public display of quality measures and other hospice data updates.  Go here for additional information about the webinar and to register.

Wednesday, August 4 – Centers for Disease Control

Zoonoses and One Health Update (ZOHU) Call

Wednesday, August 4 at 2:00 – 3:00 pm ETClick here for more information

ZOHU Calls are one-hour monthly webinars that provide timely education on zoonotic and infectious diseases, One Health, antimicrobial resistance, food safety, vector-borne diseases, recent outbreaks, and related health threats at the animal-human-environment interface.

Wednesday, August 11 – CMS

Price Transparency Stakeholder Webinar

Wednesday, August 11 at 2:00 p.m. (eastern)

This webinar will focus on how to meet the requirements of the Hospital Price Transparency Final Rule for posting standard charge information in a comprehensive machine-readable file.  For further information about the webinar go here and to register for the webinar go here.

Thursday, August 12 – CMS

Ambulance Open Door Forum

Thursday, August 12 at 2:00 p.m. (eastern)
The subject of this forum is the Medicare Ground Ambulance Data Collection System.  Learn about the Medicare Ground Ambulance Data Collection System, including current status and activities, information sampled that organizations need to collect and report, and proposed revisions and clarifications in the 2022 physician fee schedule proposed rule.  Go here for further information about the forum and how to participate.

Monday, August 23 – CMS

Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment

Monday, August 23 from 9:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (eastern)

CMS’s Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment will meet virtually to advise the agency about the clinical integrity of the Ambulatory Payment Classification groups and their associated weights and about supervision of hospital outpatient therapeutic services.  The advice provided by the panel will be considered as CMS prepares its annual updates for the hospital outpatient prospective payment system.

The public may participate in this meeting by webinar or teleconference.  Teleconference dial-in and webinar information will appear on the final meeting agenda, which will be posted here when available.

 

Federal Health Policy Update for Friday, July 2

The following is the latest health policy news from the federal government as of 2:45 p.m. on Friday, July 2.  Some of the language used below is taken directly from government documents.

Supreme Court

  • The Supreme Court has announced that it will hear a case in its next term challenging cuts in 340B payments and another involving Medicare disproportionate share.

White House

Provider Relief Fund

  • HHS has published new information about use of Provider Relief Fund grants, accounting for the use of those grants, expense and lost revenue calculations, changes in ownership, reporting on the use of Provider Relief Fund resources, and more.  The changes, including links to new documents, worksheets, instructions, an FAQ, a link to a webinar to learn about these changes, and more can be found on the Provider Relief Fund’s “reporting requirements and auditing” web page.  Recipients of Provider Relief Fund grants should review this new information carefully.
  • HHS also has updated its Provider Relief Fund FAQ site to reflect the changes introduced on the primary Provider Relief Fund web site (described above).  The update includes 24 new or updated items addressing the expenditure of Provider Relief Fund grants, accounting for and reporting on the use of those grants, recoupments, FEMA funds, and more.  The changes, marked “7/1/2021,” can be found on pages 8, 9, 11, 12, 16, and 22-27.

Department of Health and Human Services

COVID-19

  • HHS’s Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response has introduced a COVID-19 monoclonal antibody therapeutics calculator for infusion sites (mAbs Calculator) to inform staffing decisions and resource investments needed for COVID-19 monoclonal antibody therapeutic infusion sites.  Go here to learn more about the calculator and to find a link to it.
  • HHS’s COVID-19 health equity task force met this week to consider interim recommendations addressing the inequities and the impact of long-COVID or Post-Acute Sequelae COVID-19 infection and access to personal protective equipment, testing, and therapeutics.  Go here for a summary of the meeting and links to a recording of the event.

Health Policy News

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Health Policy News

  • CMS has released the final notice for the Basic Health Program federal funding methodology for program year 2022.  This document provides the methodology and data sources necessary to determine federal payment amounts for program year 2022 to states that elect to establish a Basic Health Program to offer health benefits coverage to low-income individuals otherwise eligible to purchase coverage through qualified health plans in the exchange.  Learn more in the proposed rule.
  • CMS has proposed updating its End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) prospective payment system rates, changing the ESRD Quality Incentive Program, and modifying the ESRD Treatment Choices (ETC) Model.  The proposed changes to the ETC Model policies seek to encourage dialysis providers to decrease disparities in rates of home dialysis and kidney transplants among ESRD patients with lower socioeconomic status.  Other changes in the proposed ESRD regulation address rates, wage index, an update of the outlier policy, a transitional add-on payment adjustment for new and innovative equipment and supplies applications, and more.  Learn more from the following resources:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

COVID-19

  • The CDC has published a report in which it evaluates the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines among health care workers during the early phase of vaccinations.  Find the report here.
  • The CDC has updated its guidance for laboratories on the use of pooling for COVID-19 testing.  The new guidance notes that while pooling specimens for public health surveillance purposes is still acceptable, the focus now is on its use for diagnostic and screening testing.
  • The CDC has issued a guide for jurisdictions on expanding COVID-19 vaccine distribution to primary care providers to address disparities in immunizations.  Find it here.
  • The CDC has published research on the efficacy of portable air cleaners and masking for reducing indoor exposure to simulated exhaled COVID-19 aerosols.  Read the report here.

Health Policy News

  • The CDC reports that the number of cancer screenings received by women through the CDC’s National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program declined 87 percent for breast cancer and 84 percent for cervical cancer during April 2020 compared numbers for that month over the past five years.  The CDC attributes this to delayed in seeking care because of COVID-19.  Learn more here.

Food and Drug Administration

COVID-19

  • With improved access nation-wide to N95 masks, the FDA has revoked emergency use authorizations for certain respirators and decontamination systems.  See the FDA announcement.  The FDA also will hold a webinar to share information and answer questions about its revocation of EUAs for non-NIOSH-approved respirators and decontamination systems.  Go here to learn more about the webinar.

Health Policy News

  • The FDA has alerted users of Philips Respironics ventilators, BiPAP, and CPAP machines and their health care providers that Philips Respironics has recalled certain devices due to potential health risks.  Go here to see the FDA announcement.
  • The FDA has approved Rylaze (asparaginase erwinia chrysanthemi (recombinant)-rywn) as a component of a chemotherapy regimen to treat acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoblastic lymphoma in adult and pediatric patients who are allergic to the E. coli-derived asparaginase products used most commonly for treatment.  Learn more here.
  • The FDA has released a Cyclospora prevention, response, and research action plan.  The plan focuses on improving prevention, enhancing response activities, and filling knowledge gaps to help prevent Cyclospora contamination of foods and to help prepare for responding to future outbreaks.  See the FDA announcement for more.

National Institutes of Health

  • The NIH announced that it is funding five additional projects to identify ways of safely returning students and staff to in-person school in areas with vulnerable and underserved populations. Learn more about the new projects and other NIH-funded projects with similar objectives in this NIH announcement.

FEMA

  • FEMA has revised its COVID-19 funeral assistance policy to assist with COVID-19-related fatalities that occurred in the early months of the pandemic.  The change is intended to help families paying for funeral costs for people who died of COVID-19 but for which that cause of death was not noted on their death certificate.  Learn more from FEMA’s announcement of the change, which also has links to additional resources.

Stakeholder Events

Thursday, July 8 – HHS

HHS’s “We Can Do This” campaign is a national initiative to build confidence in COVID-19 vaccines and get more people vaccinated.  This campaign offers tailored resources and toolkits for stakeholders to use to provide COVID-19 vaccine information to at-risk populations.  CMS is partnering with the campaign to offer several webinars to walk through each toolkit and its resources and train community organizations, local voices, and trusted leaders to use the campaign tools for vaccine outreach efforts to diverse communities.  A webinar will be held on Thursday, July 8 at 1:00 p.m. (eastern)  Register here.

Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, July 7, July 8, and July 9 CMS

CMS – Revisions to the Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) Code Set.

CMS will hold virtual meetings on July 7, 8, and 9, to discuss its preliminary coding recommendations for revisions of the HCPCS Level II code set.  For information about times, registration, submission of materials, signing up to speak, and submitting comments, click here.

Wednesday, July 8 – HHS – Provider Relief Fund

HHS will host a webcast on Wednesday, July 8 at 3:00 p.m. (eastern) to present updated information on the use of Provider Relief Fund grants and reporting and auditing requirements associated with the receipt and use of those grants.  Go here to register.

Tuesday, July 13 – Food and Drug Administration

The FDA will host a webinar to share information and answer questions about its revocation of EUAs for non-NIOSH-approved respirators and decontamination systems.  It will present information about its June 30, 2021 “Update:  FDA No Longer Authorizes Use of Non-NIOSH-Approved or Decontaminated Disposable Respirators – Letter to Health Care Personnel and Facilities.”  To join the webinar:

Zoom Webinar Link: https://fda.zoomgov.com/j/1600971341?pwd=UTJMTlZmYzVScmNZamd2d2J4SU92Zz09External Link Disclaimer

Webinar Passcode: $vrC6z

Dial: 833-568-8864
Webinar ID: 160 097 1341
Passcode: 292602

Tuesday, July 13 Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC)
ONC Workshop: Advancing SDOH Data Use and Interoperability for Achieving Health Equity
Tuesday, July 13 at 10:00 am – 4:00 pm ET  Click here for connection information
This workshop will explore existing and emerging data standards, tools, approaches, policies, models, and interventions for advancing the use and interoperability of non-clinical health data for individual and community health improvement.  It will share varying perspectives of health policy-makers and health improvement implementers to highlight inventive solutions, share challenges, and offer ideas on data modernization to advance health equity.  The workshop offers introductory content as well as deep exploration of key topics as part of social determinants of health IT data use and interoperability including facilitated, expert stakeholder engagement.